Brassica oleracea

Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable one might want to add to one’s regular diet because of its multiple health benefits. Cauliflower consumption has been studied for its cancer-preventing potential and antioxidant nature.

Nutritional content of cauliflower

Cauliflower is high in dietary fiber, folate and vitamin C and possesses a high nutritional density. It is low in fat and carbs.

Cauliflower is a part of the cabbage family which is famous for its several phytochemicals that benefit human health. Sulforaphane, glucosinolates, carotenoids and Indole-3-carbinol are the phytochemicals present in it.

Health benefits

1. Cancer prevention: A diet high in cauliflower is linked to a reduction in the risk of prostate, breast, colon, bladder and ovarian cancers. A Canadian study shows that half a cup of cauliflower a day reduces prostate cancer risk by 52%.

2. Anti-oxidants: Cauliflower contains a good amount of vitamin C and magnesium which are essential antioxidants. In addition, presence of carotenoids and phytonutrients bulk up anti-oxidant intake which is mandatory for body’s overall health. They protect from free radical attack and prevent accelerated aging.

3. Smoother digestion: Fibers as we know help in digestion by moving food along the digestive system smoothly. Cauliflowers are a good source of dietary fiber and along with a compound called glucoraphin which protects the stomach from ulcers and cancers make an effective addition to one’s diet.

4. Anti-inflammatory: High amounts of vitamin K and omega-3 fatty acids aid in decrease of inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, obesity, diabetes mellitus, inflammatory bowel disease and ulcerative colitis. Glucosinolates such as glucoraphin and isothiocyanates such as isothiocyanate sulforaphane are the other vital anti-inflammatory substances in cauliflower.

5. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular: Cauliflower protects against heart and brain diseases by virtue of it having anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. A regular cauliflower intake ensures excellent blood flow through entirety of the body by maintaining patency of blood vessels.